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General Overview

Abi-Hashem, N. (2008). Arab Americans: Understanding their challenges, needs, and struggles. In A. J. Marsella, J. L. Johnson, P. Watson, & J. Gryczynski (Eds.), Ethnocultural perspectives on disaster and trauma (pp. 115-173). New York: Springer.

Melhem, I., & Chemali, Z. (2014). Mental health of Arab Americans: cultural considerations for excellence of care. In The Massachusetts General Hospital textbook on diversity and cultural sensitivity in mental health (pp. 3-30). New York: Springer

Nassar-McMillan, S. C., Gonzalez, L. M., & Mohamed, R. H. (2014). Individuals and families of Arab descent. In D. G. Hays & B. T. Erford (Eds.), Developing multicultural competency: A systems approach (pp. 293-322). Boston: Pearson.



Psychological Counseling & Psychotherapy

Abi-Hashem, N. (2011). Working with Middle Eastern immigrant families. In A. Zagelbaum & J. Carlson (Eds.), Working with immigrant families: A practical guide for counselors (pp. 151-180).

Abi-Hashem, N. (2014). Counseling Middle Eastern Arab Americans. In D. A. Leeming (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion. New York, NY: Springer. New York: Routledge.

Dwairy, M., & El-Jamil, F. (2016). Counseling Arab and Muslim clients. In P. B. Pedersen et al. (Eds.), Counseling across cultures 7th ed., pp. 185-203). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.

Erickson, C. D., & Al-Timimi, N. R. (2001). Providing mental health services to Arab Americans: Recommendations and considerations. Cultural diversity and ethnic minority psychology, 7(4), 308.

Hakim-Larson, J., Kamoo, R., Nassar-McMillan, S., & Porcerelli, J. (2007). Counseling Arab and Chaldean American families. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 29(4), 301-321.

Hakim-Larson, J., & Nassar-McMillan, S. (2008). Middle Eastern Americans. In G. McAuliffe (Ed.)., Culturally alert counseling: A comprehensive introduction (pp. 293-322). Los Angeles: Sage.

Nassar-McMillan, S. C., & Hakim-Larson, J. (2003). Counseling considerations among Arab Americans. Journal of Counseling & Development, 81(2), 150-159.

Nobles, A. Y., & Sciarra, D. T. (2000). Cultural determinants in the treatment of Arab Americans: A primer for mainstream therapists. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 70(2), 182.

Sayed, M. A. (2003). Psychotherapy of Arab patients in the West: uniqueness, empathy, and" otherness". American Journal of Psychotherapy, 57(4), 445.

Working with Children, Women, and Families

Abudabbah, N. (2005). Arab American families: Assessment and treatment. In E. P. Congress & M. J. Gonzalez (Eds.), Multicultural perspectives in working with families (pp. 228-241). New York: Springer.

Awad, G. H., Martinez, M. S., & Amer, M. M. (2013). Considerations for psychotherapy with immigrant women of Arab/Middle Eastern Descent. Women & Therapy, 36(3-4), 163-175.

Blume, L. B., Sani, A., & Ads, M. (2011). Family life education with Arab immigrant families. In S. M. Ballard & A. C. Taylor (Eds.), Family life education with diverse populations (pp. 211-33). Los Angeles: Sage.

Haboush, K. L., & Alyan, H. (2013). “Who can you tell?” Features of Arab culture that influence conceptualization and treatment of childhood sexual abuse. Journal of child sexual abuse, 22(5), 499-518.

Hilliard, M. E., Ernst, M. M., Gray, W. N., Saeed, S. A., & Cortina, S. (2011). Adapting pediatric psychology interventions: Lessons learned in treating families from the Middle East. Journal of pediatric psychology, 37(8), 882-892.

Mourad, M. R., & Abdella Carolan, M. T. (2010). An ecological approach to culturally sensitive intervention for Arab American women and their families. The Family Journal, 18(2), 178-183.

… see also chapters on Arab, Armenian, Iranian, Lebanese and Syrian, and Palestinian families in M. McGoldrick, J. Giordano, & Nydia Garcia-Preto (Eds.), (2005). Ethnicity and family therapy (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford.



School Psychology

Haboush, K. L. (2007). Working with Arab American families: Culturally competent practice for school psychologists. Psychology in the Schools, 44(2), 183-198.

Tabbah, R., Miranda, A. H., & Wheaton, J. E. (2012). Self-concept in Arab American adolescents: Implications of social support and experiences in the schools. Psychology in the Schools, 49(9), 817-827.



Career Counseling

Nassar-McMillan, S., & Zagzebski-Tovar, L. (2012). Career counseling with Americans of Arab descent. Career Planning and Adult Development Journal, 28(1), 72.





Working with Persons with Disabilities

Al Khateeb, J. M., Al Hadidi, M. S., & Al Khatib, A. J. (2014). Arab Americans with disabilities and their families: A culturally appropriate approach for counselors. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 42(4), 232-247.

Al Khateeb, J. M., Al Hadidi, M. S., & Al Khatib, A. J. (2015). Addressing the unique needs of Arab American children with disabilities. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(8), 2432-2440.





Occupational Therapy

Awaad, T. (2003). Culture, cultural competency and psychosocial occupational therapy: A Middle Eastern perspective. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 66(9), 409-413.





Social Work

Al-Krenawi, A., & Graham, J. R. (2000). Culturally sensitive social work practice with Arab clients in mental health settings. Health & Social Work, 25(1), 9-22.

Hall, R. E. (2007). Social work practice with Arab families: The implications of spirituality vis-a-vis Islam. Advances in Social Work, 8(2), 328-337.





Community-Based Interventions

Kulwicki, A. D., & Miller, J. (1999). Domestic violence in the Arab American population: Transforming environmental conditions through community education. Issues in mental health nursing, 20(3), 199-215.






Hammad, A., Kysia, R., Rabah, R., Hassoun, R., & Connelly, M. (1999). Guide to Arab culture: Health care delivery to the Arab American community. Dearborn, MI: Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services (ACCESS).

Hammoud, M. M., White, C. B., & Fetters, M.D. (2005). Opening cultural doors: Providing culturally sensitive healthcare to Arab American and American Muslim patients. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 193, 1307-11.

Kulwicki, A. D., Miller, J., & Schim, S. M. (2000). Collaborative partnership for culture care: Enhancing health services for the Arab community. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 11(1), 31-39.

Odeh Yosef, A. R. (2008). Health beliefs, practice, and priorities for health care of Arab Muslims in the United States: Implications for nursing care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 19(3), 284-291.